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Nkhani

Kulonjeza Hydroxyapatite: Biomaterials Kutsegula Chatsopano

Hydroxyapatite (HA) ndi chinthu cha bioceramic chokhala ndi chiyembekezo chogwiritsa ntchito.M'zaka zaposachedwa, ndi kufunafuna moyo kosalekeza kwa anthu ndi luso lachipatala, HA yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pazamankhwala ndi zamano, ndipo yakhala yotchuka kwambiri pazachipatala.

Mankhwala a hydroxyapatite ndi ofanana ndi chigawo chachikulu cha fupa la fupa laumunthu, choncho limakhala logwirizana kwambiri ndi minofu yaumunthu ndipo silingayambe kukanidwa.Izi zimapangitsa kukhala chinthu choyenera cha bioactive, chomwe chili ndi kuthekera kofunikira pakukonza vuto la mafupa, kuyika mano, ndi kubwezeretsanso pakamwa.

Pankhani ya kukonza zolakwika za fupa, hydroxyapatite imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pokonza ndi kusinthika kwa fractures, kupunduka kwa mafupa ndi zotupa za fupa.Malo ake a bioactive angaphatikizepo ndi fupa la fupa lozungulira ndikumangika pang'onopang'ono kuti apititse patsogolo kukula kwa fupa latsopano, potero kufulumizitsa liwiro la kukonzanso fupa ndi kuchiritsa.Kuphatikiza apo, hydroxyapatite ingagwiritsidwenso ntchito kuyika zida zothandizira monga zolumikizira zopangira, mabatani ndi zomangira kuti apereke chithandizo chowonjezera cha mafupa ndikulimbikitsa kusinthika kwa mafupa.

M'munda wamano, hydroxyapatite imagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza zilonda zam'mano zamkati, kusinthika kwazamkati kwa mano ndi kuyika mano.Ili ndi biocompatibility yabwino kwambiri komanso bioactivity, ndipo imatha kuphatikiza bwino ndi minofu ya mafupa a mano kulimbikitsa kusinthika kwa mano ndi kubwezeretsanso.Nthawi yomweyo, hydroxyapatite itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kupanga zida zodzazitsa mano kuti mudzaze mabowo a carious ndikubwezeretsa ndikuteteza mano.

Kuphatikiza apo, hydroxyapatite imagwiritsidwanso ntchito pazinthu zina zamankhwala, monga kukonza mafupa opangira, onyamula mankhwala, umisiri wa minofu, etc. Ili ndi biodegradability yabwino, imatha kutengeka ndi thupi la munthu, ndipo sizingayambitse zotsatira zoyipa. ku thupi la munthu.Chifukwa cha zabwino zake zambiri pazasayansi ndi zamankhwala, hydroxyapatite imadziwika ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito m'magawo ambiri.

Komabe, kugwiritsa ntchito hydroxyapatite kumakumananso ndi zovuta zina.Choyamba, zochita zake zamoyo ndi kuchuluka kwa mayamwidwe ziyenera kuwongoleredwa ndikusinthidwa kuti zigwirizane ndi zosowa zosiyanasiyana zachipatala.Kachiwiri, luso kukonzekera ndi kulamulira khalidwe la hydroxyapatite ayenera mosalekeza bwino kupereka mankhwala abwino.
Ponseponse, hydroxyapatite, ngati biomaterial yokhala ndi chiyembekezo chogwiritsa ntchito, ibweretsa chilimbikitso ku thanzi la anthu ndi chithandizo chamankhwala.M'tsogolomu, titha kuyembekezera ntchito zina za hydroxyapatite m'mafupa, udokotala wamano, ndi madera ena azachipatala kuti akwaniritse zofuna za anthu mosalekeza zaumoyo ndi chithandizo chamankhwala chapamwamba.


Nthawi yotumiza: Jun-25-2023